Aristotle's function argument study play eudaimonia and function involuntary - completely forced into the action 'mixed' - had some degree of choice despite being forced voluntary acts can include reflex and the acts of animals and children but these do not involve choice.
Our evaluation of a person’s actions depends to some extent on whether those actions are voluntary, involuntary, or nonvoluntary an action is involuntary when it is performed under compulsion and causes pain to the person acting.
Voluntary and involuntary actions - aristotle - book three i voluntary actions - an act originated by the doer with the knowledge of the particular circumstances of the act (31, solomon, 98) a clearly voluntary b related to compulsion - mixed but more voluntary than involuntary - desired and chosen at the time done - involuntary in itself but voluntary in preference to given. Voluntary and involuntary aristotle gives the example of sailors throwing goods overboard in a storm they want to save the boat, but they don’t want to lose the goods such actions should be called voluntary first, actions which we do to avoid a greater evil or in order to secure some good end are the right actions to choose.
Michigan state university college of law digital commons at michigan state university college of law faculty publications 1-1-1988 voluntary acts and the criminal law: justifying.
Since only voluntary actions can be considered virtuous, it is necessary to examine what it means for an action to be voluntary an involuntary action is something done by force or through ignorance an action done through fear or for the sake of some noble deed is more voluntary than involuntary, although they are mixed. Whether the names to be attached to two types of events are actions and acts or acts and voluntary acts-and, so long as terminology is used consistently, no problem should arise from either choice.
Aristotle identifies three types of human action: voluntary, involuntary, and non-voluntary 4 under analysis, the motivation of every human act will fall into one of these three categories since voluntary action is most easily understood once the parameters of involuntary and nonvoluntary actions have been set, it is best to start with these. Aristotle's nicomachean ethics is highly concerned with actions, rather than behavior the difference between an action and behavior is that an action is a choice whereas behavior is just something you do but had no control over aristotle distinguishes between two types of behavior - involuntary and nonvolunatry.
Acts committed in ignorance are not considered to be voluntary, but a distinction must be drawn between an act done through ignorance which is subsequently regretted by the agent (classified as an involuntary act), and such an act which is not regretted (classified as a non-voluntary act.